Updated | June 11, 2017 14:35 IST
Taj Mahal is one of the greatest wonders of the world. It is built by the great Moghul Emperor, Shah Jahan, over the grave of his beloved wife, Mumtaz. It is the finest and costliest tomb ever built on the earth. It is situated on the South bank of Yamuna River in Agra, Uttar Pradesh. The Taj is as sublime as the emperor’ love for his consort.
About, 2,00,000 men were employed in the construction. It was begun in 1632 and took nearly twenty-two years to complete the edifice. It cost nearly thirty lakhs of rupees in those days. Taj Mahal has been built of white marble and as indeed a marvelous feat of structural engineering. The approaches to the building are majestic avenues, smooth green lawns with water beds bordered on either side by flower plants of rare and different varieties.
All round, there are fountains playing in shady spots. At the centre, is the mausoleum which contains the remains of the emperor, Shah Jahan, and Mumtaz. The decorations on the marble walls are of the rich mosaic pattern. The Indo-Persian style of architecture of Akbar’s days was adopted in the construction of the monument. Its main structure is characterized by elegance and grandeur rather than strength and massiveness. It is the tribute to the exquisite and unrivalled workmanship and genius of ancient Indian builders.
The artistic splendour of the whole scene testifies to be supernatural love and affection of the Emperor for his beloved. The entrances to the Taj together have the whole Khoran(Quran) inscribed on them. Verily, it is the Mecca of the world tourists and a harmonious blend of Hindu and Muslim cultures. The mighty and majestic dome on the main structure and the minarets are bathed by the golden rays of the setting sun Gleaming in the evening sun, the silent and placid waters of the Jumma gliding past the Tomb, seem to add a dimension to its grandeur.
The Transparent splendor of the Taj seen in a full moon, sight for gods. The soft and pleasant moonlight playing on the milk white marble amidst the all-pervading solemn silence symbolizes the luxury of magnificence invested on it, and this reveals the resplendent glory of the Moghul court.
The architect behind this amazing creation was Architect, Ustad Ahmad Lahauri and built in 1632-53. The Taj Mahal was designated as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1983, which is the jewel of Muslim art in India and the Nobel Laureate, Rabindranath Tagore described Taj Mahal as the ‘Teardrop on the cheek of time’.
This marvelous human creation has nearly 7-8 million visitors, every year. It was declared as one of the ‘New Seven Wonders of the World’ in 2007.
Tags : Taj Mahal, agra, Taj Mahal importance, about Taj Mahal, Shah Jahan, Mumtaz Begum
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