Updated | May 28, 2017 17:09 IST
Ikshvaku dynasty was one of the renowned dynasties which majorly seen in all Puranic literature of Hindus. Ikshvaku dynasty was founded by the King, Ikshvaku and also known as Suryavamsa. Lord Rama, belonged to this dynasty.
The most important Kings of the dynasty are Bharata, Harishchandra, Dilipa, Sagara, Raghu, Rama, and Pasenadi. Among twenty-four Jain Tirthankara’, twenty-two belonged to Ikshvaku dynasty. The King Rishabha is present in both Hindu and Jain Mythology and both refers to the same person.
Based on the Buddhist texts, Gautam Buddha also belonged to this dynasty. Besides Gautam Buddha, Shuddodhana and Rahula roots also linked to Ikshvaku dynasty. But, as per the Buddhist texts, the ancestor of Ikshvaku, Mahasammata was the founder of the dynasty whereas Sage Vashishta was the Supreme Preceptor of Ikshvaku according to the Puranas.
As per the great Hinduism, Ikshvaku is the grandson of Vivasvan or Surya and the son of Vaivasvata Manu. They ruled from the Kosala Kingdom, currently, it is Awadh in the state of Uttara Pradesh on the banks of river Sarayu and saketa, Ayodhya today as their capital.
Ikshvaku is the first king who implemented the religious rules of Hindu living which composed by his father Manu, which are popular as Manusmriti. Ikshvaku had a hundred sons and he ruled as Monarch at the beginning of Satya Yuga or First Yuga.
The lineage of Ikshvaku is found in The Ramayana, The Mahabharata, The Harivamsha and the Puranas. The Raghuvamsa of Kalidasa also depicted the list of the name of Kings in the dynasty. Vikukshi is the eldest son of Ikshvaku. The Suryavanshi or Ikshvaku King, Lord Rama is mentioned in the Ramayana in two lists. The difference traced out in both the lists is that Kukshi is mentioned only in the second list whereas Vikukshi is mentioned as the son of Ikshvaku in the first list.
The genealogy is as follows:
Vivasvan or Surya
1. Vaivasvata Manu(wife: Shraddha)- The begin of Ikshwaku Dynasty
3.Bharata is the son of King Rishabha(Ikshvaku), the first king of the Ikshvaku dynasty and founder of the Sun Dynasty (Suryavansha). Among the hundred sons of King Ikshvaku, Bharata is the eldest one. Because he has the very broad chest of a warrior, he was also called as Kushki.
4.Vikukshi (Shashad) (he who eats the meat of a rabbit so he named Shashad) (contemporary to King Pururava who was founder of Chandravansh)
5.Baan (contemporary to 2nd Chandravanshi King Aayu & Vijaya-1)
6.Kakutstha (Puranjaya or Indrahomi or Indravahu) ruled 10,900 years (contemporary to 2nd Chandravanshi King Aayu)
7.Anena (Anaranya or Suyodhana) (contemporary to 3rd Chandravanshi King Nahusha)
8.Prithu (contemporary to 4th Chandravanshi King Yayati and demon king Vrushaparva)
9.Vishvarandhri (Vishvagandhi or Vishvamshaha) (contemporary to 5th Chndravanshi King Yadu, Puru, Dhrushyu)
10.Chandra (Aayu in Agni Puran or Indu in Matsya Puran or Aadra in Vishnu Puran)
12.Shashvat (Shravant of Vishnu Puran, Harivansh Puran, Agni Puran) who built town Saraswati
14.Kuvalayasva (or) Dubdhunara (21,000 sons and Here time duration is many thousands years long)
15.Dridhasva, Kapilashva, Bhadrashva (Dand in Agni Puran & Matsya Puran, Chandrashva in Vishnu Puran & Harivansh Puran)
17.Haryasva (Pramodak or Vayarshvah in Vishnu Puran)
19.Baharnashva (Shanhatashva in Agni Puran, Matsya Puran, Harivasnh Puran)
21.Krisasva (Akrutashva in Agni Puran, Matsya Puran)
22.Prasenajit-1 (Seinya Jeet, Ranashva in Agni Puran)gave his daughter Renuka to sage jamadagni. (Contemporary to Chandravanshi King Thamsu(1))
24.Mandhata (Chakravarti Samrat) killed by Lavanasura in Mathura (He defeated Ravana). Conquered the Druhyus and vanquished Nriga, Marutta, Jaya, Suna, Sudhanwan, Angara, Gaya and Asita. (contemporary to Chandravanshi King Gandhara who was founder of Gandhara Kingdom, Shakuni born 95 generation after King Gandhara, Yadava King Sashabindu, Shahashtra Bahu Kartivirya Arjuna and God Parashurama)
25.Purukutsha (married with the Narmada), Ambarisha (adopted by Yuvanashva), Muchukanda (helped Deva in Deva-Asur War & later he killed Kaal Yavan by fire from his eyes at the time of Sri Krishna Avatara in end of Dwaparayuga)
27.Trayadasyu (Sambhuti in Agni Puran)
28.Sambhrut (Vishnu Puran, Agni Puran, Matsya Puran).
29.Anaranya-1 (killed by Ravana, Anaranya cursed Ravana that one day one king of Ikshvaku lineage will kill Ravana & Sri Rama killed Ravana).
30.Pushadashva (Vishnu Puran)
32.Sumana (Sudhanava in Harivansh Puran, Vasuman, Paarjitar)
33.Tridhanva (Vishvamitra was chief minister in his court)
36.Satyavrata or Trishanku
38.Rohit (Rohitashva) (Kanyakubj or Kannauj dynasty ended during Rohitashva's reigned)
40.Champ (Chunchu) Contemporary To Chandravanshi King Dushyant)
41.Sudeva (Chakshu in Vishnu Puran, Agni Puran) (Contemporary to Chakravarthi Samrat Bharata)
43.Bharuk (Ruruk in Vishnu Puran, Harivansh Puran)
47.Bahuk (Contemporary to Sage Vithatha who was the son of Sage Bharadwaja)
49.Asit (Kalinda in Ramayana)
50.Sagara(Chakravartin Samrat) he ended Haihaya Dynasty. Sagar had 60,000 sons but only Asamanjash lived.
54.Bhagiratha (He brought river Ganga on earth)
58.Naabh (Nabhag in Matsya Puran, Harivansh Puran)
59.Ambarisha(2) (great devotee of God Maha Vishnu)
61.Avyutayu (Shrutayu in Agni Puran)
63.Sarvakama (Sarvakarma, Aartupani in Harivansha Puran)
64.Sudas (contemporary to King Kuru-2)
65.Saudasa (or) Kalmashapada(married to Madayanti) (Contemporary to Chandravanshi King Magadha who founded Magadha Kingdom)
67.Mulaka (Naari Kavacha)
69.Adwil (Ilabil in Vishnu Puran)
70.Vishvamashaha (Contemporary to Chandravanshi King Hasthi Who Founded Hasthinapura)
71.Anaranya-2 (Contemporary to Chandravanshi King Shibi)
72.Nidhn (Contemporary to Chandravanshi Kings Madra, Kekaya who were the founders of Madra & Kekaya Kingdom and King Ajamida(2) who founded Panchala Kingdom)
74.Dululaha (Harivansh Puran)
76.Dilipa(2) (in Vishnu Puran, Harivansh Puran)
77.Raghu-2 (Chakravartin Samrat) (Raghuvansh, Raghava, Raghuvir word use in honour of this king)
78.Aja (married to Indumati). (Contemporary to Chandravanshi Kings Vidarbha who founded the Vidarbha Kingdom and Ashwapati of kekaya )
79. Dasharatha was of age 60,000 years when Sri Rama born mentioned in Valmiki Ramayana (contemporary to Videha King Siradwaja (Janaka-2) father of Seeta, Chandravanshi Kings Romapada and Kratha)
80.Lord Rama ruled 11,000 years mentioned in Valmiki Ramayana, Vishnu Purana, Harivansha Puran, Agni Puran, Srimad Bhagavat Maha Puran (Lakshmana, Bharatha & Shatrughna are his siblings and they are also the avatar of Lord Vishnu).
(Contemporary to Yadava King Kunti who was the ancestor of Kuntibhoja and Chandravanshi King Vidhuratha(1)). In the Ramayana, we find that Lava and Kusha were the sons of Lord Rama.
Suryavanshi Kings after Rama
After Lord Rama, the genealogical list from Kusha, son of Rama to Brihadbala, who was killed by Abhimanyu in Mahabharata War.
With Rama, Suryavanshi or Ikshvaku dynasty popular as Raghuvamsam. This list contains the kings from Raghuvamsam to Agnivarna.
82.Kusha (Contemporary to Chandravanshi King Kunti)
83.Atithi (Contemporary to Chandravanshi King Turvasu -2)
84.Nishadha was the founder of Nishada Kingdom.
94.Dala (or Balasthala)
95.Chhal (or Anal)
98.Khagan (or Shankhanaad)
99.Vighruti (or Vyushitashva)
101.Hiranyanabha (He was student of Sage Jaimini, Yagnyavalkya has accepted him as his teacher)
110.Susandhi (or Sugandhi)
111.Amarshana and Sahasvanta, the sons of Susandhi
116.Brihadbala (at Mahabharata time, Abhimanyu killed Brihadbalam at age 125 years in Mahabharata War).
36 generation were passed in Ikshvakuvansha from Sri Rama to Brihadbalam. The average lifespan of Ikshvakuvanshi Kings in Dwaparayuga was 24,682 years. And the maximum Lifespan of human became 200 years in last 400 years of Dwaparayuga.
Suryavanshi Kings after Mahabharatha
The Puranas also provide the list of the kings from Brihadbala to the last ruler Sumitra. But these lists mention Shakya as an individual and incorporate the names of Shakya, Shuddodhana, Siddhartha (Gautama Buddha) and Rahula between Sanjaya and Prasenajit. The names of the kings are:117 Brihatkshaya (or Bruhadrunam)
118.Urukriya (or Gurukshep)
122.Divakara (or Divak)
125.Bhanuratha (or Bhanumaan)
130.Pushkara (or Kinnara)
132.Suvarna (or Sutapaa)
133.Sumitra (or Amitrajit)
138.Sanjaya (Mahakoshala or Jayasena)
140.Suddhodana(ruler of Shakya Republic of Kapilavastu)
141.Siddhartha (or Gautama Buddha) (B.C.E. 1887-B.C.E. 1807)
142.Rahula, the only son of Gautam Buddha
143.Prasenajit Born in B.C.E. 1860: when Siddhartha was of age 27 years)
144.Kshudraka (or Kuntala)
145.Ranaka (or Kulaka)
The Last King of Ikshvakuvansh/Suryavansha was King Sumitra and he was defeated and driven out from Ayodhya.
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