Updated | May 14, 2017 18:23 IST
Rani Rudrama Devi was one of the greatest and bravest rulers and made brilliant reforms for the welfare of people. She ruled Kakatiya dynasty unprecedentedly from 1263 until her death in the Deccan plateau.
Rudrama Devi was only the daughter and royal heir of Ganapatideva. She began to rule the Kakatiya Kingdom along with his father, as co-regent from 1261-1262. She was assumed to get full control in 1263. Before she became ruler of Kakatiya Kingdom, there have been stories that she had faced a lot of criticism to take reign as the Queen.
There was a story in rounds, Rudramadevi re-captured Orugallu, present-day Warangal in Telangana with the help of supporters and citizens after she exiled by her step-brothers, Hariharadeva and Murarideva. There was no substantial evidence about the existence of Rudramadevi’ step-brothers.
Unlike Kakatiya predecessors, she had taken revolutionary steps in governing the people as well as appointed many people into her military as warriors. In return, she granted rights over land tax revenue. Later the same was followed by her successors. Even the Vijayanagara Empire also followed it, which became the significant change.
She had some great warriors who were loyal to her at all times. Among them, Kayastha Chief, Jannigedeva and his younger brothers, Tripurari and Ambadeva, Recherla Prasaditya and Gona Ganna Reddy. They espoused her cause and helped her in defeating the rebels.
In her governance, she dug wells, lakes to protect the people from the poverty. Her brilliant governance not only impressed the people but also made them stood by her side. She appointed detectives to know the problems of people in the Kakatiya Kingdom.
Post getting the reign, she had started facing challenges from Eastern Ganga Dynasty and the Yadavas. She had successful defeated Yadavas and other Kings who forced to cede territory in Western Andhra in the late 1270’s beyond Godavari River. But she was unsuccessful in dealing with internal revolt posed by Ambadeva. Ambadeva became Chief of Kayastha after his brother, Jannigedeva in 1273. He who objected to continuing the subordinate of Kakatiyas had gained control over south- western Andhra, currently Guntur district.
Marriage : Rudrama Devi was married to Virabhadra probably in 1240, a member of a minor branch of Chalukya dynasty. Coming to her marriage with Virabhadra, it was designed by her father, Ganapatideva to politically strengthen the kingdom by the alliance. The couple had two daughters.
Death and her succession : There were different stories about the death of Rani Rudramadevi. Some unveiled that Rudramadevi died in 1289 during the battle with Ambadeva whereas some sources say she didn’t die until 1295. Later, her grandson, Prataparudra, one of her daughter’ son became the successor of her, who inherited Kingdom which was smaller than it had been when Rudramadevi became the Queen of Kakatiya Kingdom.
The famous merchant traveler of Venice Republic, Marco Pollo who visited India and Rudramadevi Kingdom had specifically mentioned her and her greatness in his most popular book, ‘The Travels of Marco Polo’.
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